Nouns and Pronouns That Follow Prepositions
about, above, across, after, against, along, alongside, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, but (except), by, concerning, considering, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, notwithstanding, of, off, on, onto, over, past, regarding, respecting, save, since, through, throughout, to, toward(s), under, underneath, unlike, until, up, upon, via, with, within, without
according to, ahead of, along with, as for, as regards, aside from, because of, but for, by means of, by reason of, by way of, contrary to, except for, for the sake of, in accordance with, in addition to, in care of, in case of, in consideration of, in front of, in regard to, in spite of, inside of, instead of, next to, on account of, out of, up to, with regard to, with respect to
Line 1: The noun that follows a preposition can be a word (e.g., lunch, noon), a phrase (e.g., my best friend), or a dependent clause (e.g., whoever is here).
• Noun (Word): We will meet for lunch at noon.
• Noun (Phrase): I studied with my best friend.
• Noun (Clause): Let's study with whoever is here.
Line 2: The pronoun that follows a preposition is in the objective case (i.e., me, him, her, us, them), not the subjective case (i.e., I, he, she, we, they).
• This is a special day for Jim/him and me.
[NOT: This is a special day for he and I.]
• This is between Jane/her and me.*
[NOT: This is between she and I.]
Line 3: Making the right pronoun choice is easy. Simply mentally remove those nouns or noun phrases that are getting in the way of your having a great connection with the preposition. In the first example below, drop the words Debra and. In the second example, drop the appositive, future inventors:
• Everyone worried about the exam except Debra and him.
[NOT: Everyone worried about the exam except (Debra
• To us future inventors, Bell is an inspiration.
[NOT: To we (future inventors), Bell is an inspiration.]
Check by rearranging the words: Bell is an inspiration to us.
Long Distance: This method also works with sentences without prepositions. Simply mentally remove those nouns or noun phrases that are getting in the way of your having a great connection with the verb.
• Our teacher feels that us [or we?] future inventors have potential.
The answer is we. Remove the appositive, which is blocking have (the verb), and you'll see that we is correct. Check: We have potential.
Line 4: The object of a preposition can also be a reflexive pronoun (i.e., myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, yourselves, ourselves, and themselves).
• He talked about himself.
• I studied by myself.